Trained at the Royal London and St Bartholomews Medical School. Ophthalmic training at the Tennent Institute of Ophthalmology and Glasgow Eye Infirmary. Registrar rotation in North East England (Newcastle, Sunderland, Middlesborough). Senior Registrar at Moorfields Eye Hospital, London. Holder of two fellowships at Moorfields in both Cornea and Medical Retina (Professors Dart and Lightman).