Mr Ahmad Malik
It depends on the severity of the sprain. In mild cases the ligament may only be stretched, in more severe cases the ligaments are completely ruptured and may be associated with other injuries to the bone, cartilage and tendons.
In mild cases where there is no bruising and no difficulty walking – RICE regime is recommended, this stands for rest, ice (a pack of peas wrapped in a tea towel will do), a compression bandage (to help reduce the swelling and give some support) and elevation (keeping the foot elevated above the hip).
If there is significant bruising and swelling and inability to weight bear then a review by a doctor and an x-ray is recommended to exclude a fracture (a break in the bone) and grade the severity of the injury. Significant injuries even without an obvious break may benefit from a period of non weight bearing in a plaster or removable boot with crutches. Rarely injuries even without an obvious fracture may require surgery.
After the acute phase physiotherapy is an important part of the rehabilitation and treatment program.