Arthritis is a disease causing painful inflammation and stiffness in a joint.
There are many different types as outlined below:
Osteoarthritis – Generally thought to be caused by ‘wear and tear’. The protective joint surfaces become damaged which leads to pain and stiffness.
Rotator cuff arthropathy – The torn shoulder tendons can no longer hold the ball (humerus) in the socket (glenoid) so the ball can move upwards and rub against other bones in the shoulder, causing pain.
Rheumatoid arthritis - The immune system attacks the linings of a joint, causing inflammation and pain.
Post-traumatic arthritis – A form of osteoarthritis that occurs after a joint has been damaged during a previous injury.
Avascular necrosis – A condition where the blood supply to bone is disrupted, which causes the bone to die and leads to destruction of the joint.
There are many different types of arthritis and they have different causes, but the symptoms are largely similar.
Arthritis is a condition that affects joints due to damage of the normal cushioning (articular cartilage) of the joint surface. This can be due to injury, infection, inflammation or other conditions.