Mr Chris Steer
A woman should eat healthily not smoke and have a BMI body mass index between 19 and 35. Around 25 is ideal so adjusting weight to achieve this and avoiding stress if possible are all beneficial.
If not releasing eggs, then tablets are taken for 5 consecutive days in the beginning of the menstrual cycle. If the scan or history suggests endometriosis (pain before the periods and possible ovarian cysts) then this can be repaired with a key hole operation with a little telescope inserted into the belly button when asleep. This is also used to remove ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids or to unblock fallopian tubes blocked e.g. with chlamydia.
To improve a man’s sperm count he shouldn’t smoke he should only drink moderate amounts of alcohol, not take recreational drugs and eat healthily. Supplements have also been found to help improve the quality of sperm.
If the tubes can’t be unblocked or the sperm count remains poor or endometriosis is the cause and even unexplained infertility of more than a year, then IVF is often suggested with the sperm injected into the egg if the count is low (ICSI).