There are many forms of treatment available, in the way of local massage, ultrasound and exercise prescription to help the healing process. Some physiotherapists use acupuncture and some will use a special tape. Gait analysis could also be an option, which could lead to an orthotic prescription.
Mr H Zaw
Treatment will vary depending on the diagnosis so seek advice if symptoms persist or weight-bearing is too painful.
Physiotherapy will focus on functional rehabilitation, i.e. maintaining motion, early proprioception (joint awareness/balance), muscle strengthening and stretching of hamstrings, calf and Achilles tendon.
Bracing the ankle temporarily can help when instability develops from ligament injuries.
Insoles (orthotics) can help correct poor alignment and redistribute mechanical stresses more evenly across the foot.
Shockwave therapy (high-energy acoustic waves) has recently gained popularity in treating soft tissue conditions such as Achilles tendonitis and plantar fasciitis, and is easy to apply in the clinic.
Surgery (keyhole or open) is considered when non-surgical treatment no longer works, and aims of restore function and stability to pre-injury level.
Dr Mark Semler
This really does depend on the injury. However, there are certain broad principles which will be applicable to the treatment of all running injuries. Many injuries will settle with what are called "conservative" measures. This usually is a combination of rest, NSAIDs, physiotherapy and giving the injury enough time to heal.
If these measures fail, or if the initial injury is more severe, other types of interventions include targeted steroid injections, arthroscopy of a joint (for example a knee arthroscopy - during which a damaged meniscus can be treated) and, in the worst cases, open surgical procedures.