Your guide to the different types of cosmetic eye surgery

Lines, wrinkles, eye bags, frown lines and hooded eyelids don’t have to define you. Find out more about cosmetic treatments that can freshen up your face. 

It can be hard to come to terms with the visible signs of ageing, especially when they make you look older than you feel. And it’s generally the most expressive part of your face – your eyes, that is the first to go. Simple and effective cosmetic treatments, both surgical and non-surgical, can take years off you by addressing the signs of ageing around your eyes. Here we explain what the natural ageing process does to the face and what’s involved with cosmetic eye surgery.

Crow’s feet, eye bags and hooded eyes

The natural ageing process causes skin to lose elasticity and muscle to lose strength and tightness. The eye area is often the first to give away your age, with many people getting crow’s feet or laughter lines at the outside corners of the eyes. It happens here, and around the mouth first because the skin and muscles are worked hard by every expression we make. When we frown, the muscles work to bring the eyebrows down and closer together. When we smile and laugh the muscles work to push the mouth up at the corners, lifting the cheeks and squashing and wrinkling the skin underneath the eyes.

Slackening facial muscles doesn’t only equal wrinkles; it’s also the reason for eye bags. These ‘bags’ appear under the eyes when the muscles no longer have the strength to hold the natural fatty deposits that cushion the eyes in their sockets in place, and so the fat protrudes. In much the same way, the muscles above the eye and eyelid can’t control the less elastic skin, which is why many people get hooded eyes. 

Eyelid surgery

Eyelid Surgery, sometimes referred to as eye bag removal, eye lift and Blepharoplasty, is a procedure used to ‘open up’ the eye area. It is often the general term used to describe surgery to both the upper and lower eye areas. The procedure is usually carried out under local anaesthetic, but sedation or general anaesthetic is also an option. Small incisions will be made along the lash line and in the natural creases of the eyes through which the surgeon can reposition or remove fatty tissue and muscle, before stretching the skin more tightly and removing any excess. The incisions will usually be closed using dissolvable or removable stitches, or surgical glue – whichever is best suited to your skin type and the precise procedure your surgeon performs.

If you have stitches, these will usually be removed three to five days after your surgery. Your eye area may feel tight and there is likely to be bruising and some swelling. But this will all settle within the first two to four weeks and you’ll be able to see the results almost immediately. Any redness will fade to pink and your scars will be barely noticeable to the naked eye after a few months. 

Brow lift treatments

There are two types of brow lift treatments – classic and endoscopic1. A classic brow lift involves making one continuous incision along your hairline and behind the ears. If possible, any scarring will be neatly hidden within the hairline. Your surgeon will then lift the skin and stitch it into position, removing any excess and leaving you with a smoother forehead, elevated brows and a more open eye area. The same results can be achieved with the less-invasive endoscopic brow lift. This involves the surgeon making a few small incisions above the hairline. In one, the surgeon will insert a small camera on the end of a tube and through another, a surgical instrument. This instrument is used to cut, reposition and anchor the facial tissue, to lift the brow area from the inside. Scarring from this procedure is minimal and usually completely hidden, with results noticeable immediately.

Anti-wrinkle injections

If you’re just looking to reduce and prevent the lines and wrinkles around your eyes, then perhaps anti-wrinkle injections are the best treatment option for you. Nerve inhibitor injections are applied to muscles in your face to block the nerve impulses which cause the muscle to contract. This lessens the contractions of facial muscles at the point of injection, thereby reducing the wrinkling effect. This type of treatment is most successful when used for wrinkles in the forehead, between the eyebrows (the glabella) or the areas to the side of the face (‘crows’ feet), and is applied using a very fine needle. The least invasive form of cosmetic eye surgery, anti-wrinkle injections usually last up to three months. You may require four to six separate injections depending on the severity of the area being treated.

You should consult a qualified surgeon to discuss the most appropriate type of eye surgery for you – it’ll depend on your skin type, how your face looks, your age and what results you hope to achieve.

To find out more call us on 0800 101 0337 or make an online enquiry.

Sources

1http://www.webmd.com/beauty/treatments/cosmetic-procedures-brow-lift

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