Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) Screening
What is an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)?
The aorta is the main blood vessel that supplies blood to your body. It runs from your heart down through your ch...
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Abdominal surgery for Crohn's Disease
What is Crohn’s disease?
Crohn’s disease causes inflammation of the bowel. The disease most often affects the end part of the small bowel, called the terminal ile...
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This is carried out when the muscles and tissues that support the abdomen are destroyed, typically due to the sequelae of wound breakdown and infection following previous...
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Abnormal Liver Function tests (LFTs)
Liver function blood tests are one of the most commonly requested ‘routine’ blood tests. The pattern of abnormal constituents of liver function blood tests may pro...
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The liver is the biggest solid organ in the abdomen. The liver can be investigated with imaging including an ultrasound, CT scan or MRI. Any abnormality detected can be further investigated with more ...
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Abscess incision and drainage
What is an abscess?
An abscess is a collection of pus surrounded by a wall of tissue. An abscess happens when the body tries to control infection. It causes a painful lu...
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Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is an evidence based therapy which uses a combination of behavioural and mindfulness techniques to help the client work on acceptance of thoughts and feelings as opposed to the more traditional Cognitive Therapy approach of challenging the thoughts and attempting to change them.
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What is ACL reconstruction surgery?
This surgery is designed to correct a torn anterior cruciate ligament. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the important ligaments that stabilise your kn...
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Acupuncture is a form of traditional Chinese medicine that involves inserting very fine needles at key points (acupuncture points) into the body. There are over 500 a...
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What is acupuncture?Acupuncture is one of the oldest recorded forms of medicine having been used in China for over 3,000 years. Traditional Chinese belief is that energy flo...
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What are adenoids? The adenoids are part of a group of lymphoid tissues (like the glands in the neck or the tonsils) that help to fight off infection from germs that are ...
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What is Laser Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)?Laser Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK) is a highly successful form of refractive surgery that combines mi...
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What is substance misuse?Substance misuse: The Department of Health uses the term substance misuse to describe the taking of alcohol/drugs in a manner that causes ha...
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What is alcoholic liver disease?Alcoholic liver disease is liver disease primarily caused by excessive alcohol consumption. If left untreated, it can lead to serious health pr...
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An ambulatory blood pressure recording will measure your blood pressure over a period of 24 hours while you are doing ...
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An ambulatory electrocardiogram (ECG) is a painless test that records the electrical activity of the heart between 1 and 7 days. By having the te...
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What is an amniocentesis?
An amniocentesis is performed later in pregnancy. Using ultrasound guidance, a sample of amniotic fluid is taken using a needle inserted through the abdominal wall. The flui...
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Anal fistula surgery
What is an anal fistula?
An anal fistula is an abnormal connection between the lining on the inside of your anal canal (back passage) and the skin near your anus.
What causes ana...
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Angioplasty is also called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and is a procedure to widen or unblock an artery using a small inflatable balloon.A PCI is used t...
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Ankle instability usually follows an injury or repetitive injuries to the ankle, in which the ligaments on the outside of the ankle may be ruptured or stretched. You may feel...
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What is Ankle pain? Ankle pain involves experiencing pain in the ankle. It can make moving and walking on the ankle painful and difficult. The ankle is made up of three bones:- The shin bone (tib...
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What is ankle replacement surgery?
Ankle replacement surgery involves replacing bones in the ankle with artificial ones. It is designed to relieve pain and difficulty moving the ankle, often caused by...
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What is ankle arthroscopy?
An ankle arthroscopy involves a miniature telescope inserted into the foot to allow your surgeon consultant to make a diagnosis and (if necessary) to accurately perform ankl...
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What is an anterior prolapse?
An anterior prolapse is a bulge of the vagina caused by the bladder dropping down. It is caused by weakness of the support tissues between the vagina and bladder (see fi...
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Anterolateral foraminotomy is a relatively new and far less invasive surgical procedure than previous treatments, for the relief of arm ...
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What is anti-wrinkle treatment by injection?
Our faces can be wonderfully expressive, our numerous different facial muscles allowing us to demonstrate a wide array of emotions. In our youth, the skin...
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The aorta is the largest blood vessel in the body and carries blood from the left side of the heart to the organs of the body.An aortic aneurysm develops when th...
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Aortic valve replacement
What is an aortic valve replacement?
An aortic valve replacement is a form of open heart surgery
that can treat health conditions associated with the aortic valve.
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What is appendicitis?
Appendicitis means inflammation of the appendix (see figure 1). When the appendix is inflamed it causes pain and makes you feel unwell.
What are the benefits of surgery?
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What is appendicitis?Appendicitis means inflammation of the appendix. When the appendix is inflamed it causes pain and makes you feel unwell. (see fig.1) What are the bene...
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What is arthritis? Arthritis is a term used to describe a number of painful conditions of the joints and bones. Two of the main types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoi...
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What is arthroscopic latarjet and how does it work?
An arthroscopic latarjet is a procedure to treat anterior shoulder instability.
.Often a soft tissue repair is not effective especially when ther...
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Arthroscopic subacromial decompression surgery is used to remove inflammation around the muscles that move the shoulder and to remove spurs of bone (thi...
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Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Ablation
Atrial fibrillation is a health condition that causes an abnormal and irregular heart rate. Typically the heart rate is abnormally fast, which can put sufferers at ...
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What is an audiology consultation?
An audiology consultation is usually recommended to test and potentially diagnose difficulty with hearing.
The causes of hearing loss and impairment are many and ...
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