Breast surgery

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Breast surgery is performed by specialist breast surgeons for both benign and malignant (cancerous) disease. If you have breast related symptoms you may undergo investigations which may include ultrasound or mammography, FNA (fine needle aspiration) and CT X-Ray guided biopsy. Common operations include biopsy, excision of breast lump (lumpectomy) and mastectomy (removal of the breast).

Clinical breast oncologists (breast cancer specialists) provide further advice on radiotherapy, hormonal and chemotherapy treatment if appropriate. Breast surgery also includes reconstructive procedures such as breast implants and breast reduction. 

There are two types of anaesthesia: 

  • Local anaesthesia when a specific area of your body is anaesthetised whilst you remain conscious (awake) and general anaesthesia when you are made fully unconscious (asleep) before a surgical procedure.
  • General anaesthetics are administered by consultant or specialist anaesthetists in the operating theatre suite. Your vital signs (for example; breathing, heart rate, blood pressure) are carefully monitored during the operation and afterwards in the recovery area.