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Burns and scars

We share critical information about burn scars.

A burn scar happens when a burn has damaged your skin tissue, turning it into scar tissue.

When a burn only impacts the outer layers of your skin, the scar tissue fades over time as the burn marks heal. When the deeper layers of your skin are damaged by a burn, it can cause more permanent scarring, known as a burn scar.

Burn scarring can look raised, shiny, leathery, or generally irregular in its appearance, which can affect a person's confidence. 

There are three main types of burn scars, which are:

First-degree burn scars: first-degree burns only affect the top layer of your skin. If you have a first-degree burn, your skin will likely be red and tender to touch. However, you won't experience any swelling or blisters. First-degree burns occur when you have sunburn. Scarring does not usually occur with a first-degree burn, because it does not penetrate that far into your skin.

Second-degree burn scars: these cause slightly deeper damage. You will likely have blisters and burst blisters, but the deeper layers of your skin will not be affected. The burnt area may excrete clear fluid. Second-degree burn scarring can form, but will likely clear after the healing process is complete.

Third-degree burn scars: these are more serious and require immediate medical attention. With third-degree burns, your burn may be white or blackned, or feel hard to touch. These burns can take months or years to heal. They are likely to leave a long-lasting scar. 

Scars caused by second and third-degree burns are generally categorised by appearance:

  • Hypertrophic scars: thesemay appear red or purple and raised above your skin. They may also feel warm and itchy.
  • Contracture scars: they make your skin, muscles, and tendons tighter, restricting your usual skin movement.
  • Keloid scars: these are raised scars that may form a shiny, hairless bump.

A burn scar happens when a burn has damaged your skin tissue, turning it into scar tissue.

When a burn only impacts the outer layers of your skin, the scar tissue fades over time as the burn marks heal. When the deeper layers of your skin are damaged by a burn, it can cause more permanent scarring, known as a burn scar.

Burn scarring can look raised, shiny, leathery, or generally irregular in its appearance, which can affect a person's confidence. 

A burn scar happens when a burn has damaged your skin tissue, turning it into scar tissue.

When a burn only impacts the outer layers of your skin, the scar tissue fades over time as the burn marks heal. When the deeper layers of your skin are damaged by a burn, it can cause more permanent scarring, known as a burn scar.

Burn scarring can look raised, shiny, leathery, or generally irregular in its appearance, which can affect a person's confidence. 

Specialists Offering Burns and scars

Mr Makaram Srinivasan

Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon

MBBS, MS (Orth), DNB (Orth), FRCS, M.Ch (Orth)

BMI The Highfield Hospital 2 more BMI The Beardwood Hospital BMI The Lancaster Hospital

View profile Book online

Mr Sameer Singh

Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon

MBBS, Bsc, FRCS (Trauma and Orthopaedics)

BMI The Manor Hospital 1 more BMI The Saxon Clinic

View profile Book online

Mr James Logan

Consultant Orthopaedic Hand Surgeon

MBBS, BSc (Hons), AICSM, PGDip (SEM), FRCS (Tr & Orth), Dip Hand Surg (Br)

BMI Mount Alvernia Hospital

View profile Book online

Mr Anthony Hearnden

Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon

MBBS, BSc, FRCS (Tr&Orth)

BMI Mount Alvernia Hospital

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Mr Matt James

Consultant Plastic, Hand & Cosmetic Surgeon

MB CHB FRCSeng, FRCS(Plasics)

BMI The Blackheath Hospital

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