Skip to main content

Coronary Artery Disease Treatment

Coronary artery disease is when the arteries to your heart muscle become narrow or blocked. We look at how it can be treated.

Coronary artery disease occurs in the arteries supplying the heart muscle when they become narrowed or blocked with fatty plaque (atheroma), reducing the flow of blood.

The main symptom of coronary artery disease is angina (chest pain/tightness which can spread to the left arm, neck or back) but may also cause shortness of breath, sweating, nausea and an irregular heartbeat. Symptoms are often brought on by exertion.

Our age and family history have a bearing on the health of our hearts, as do other factors, such as smoking, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, high blood pressure and weight gain. These factors increase our risk of developing coronary artery disease.

It would be usual for patients with suspected coronary artery disease to undergo some outpatient investigation. To confirm the diagnosis many patients would have a coronary angiogram which is a dye study using x-ray to visualise the coronary arteries. This will help in planning treatment.

There are medical, interventional and surgical options for the treatment of coronary artery disease. Medications would be prescribed to treat angina, to prevent blood clots and to control high cholesterol and high blood pressure. These medications need to continue long-term, whether or not intervention or surgery is undertaken.

Two common procedures for coronary artery disease are coronary balloon angioplasty now more usually called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

This non-surgical technique is performed under local anaesthetic, usually as a day case. A fine tube (catheter) with a balloon attached to it is passed down the coronary artery over a thin wire under x-ray guidance to the blockage where it is inflated. This restores blood flow through the artery. The balloon catheter and wire are then removed. A small mesh scaffold (stent) is often placed at the same time to prevent further narrowing.

Patients are followed up in clinic after these procedures and are referred for cardiac rehabilitation.

Specialists Offering Coronary Artery Disease Treatment

Dr Zhong Chen

Consultant Cardiologist

PhD, MRCP

BMI The Cavell Hospital 3 more BMI Hendon Hospital BMI The Kings Oak Hospital BMI The Runnymede Hospital

View profile Book online

Prof Jaspal Kooner

Professor of Clinical Cardiology

MD, FRCP

BMI The Clementine Churchill Hospital 1 more BMI Syon Clinic

View profile Book online

Dr Cameron Densem

Consultant Cardiologist

BSc (hons) MB ChB MRCP MD

BMI St Edmunds Hospital

View profile Book online

Dr David O'Brien

Consultant Interventional Cardiologist

MBChB MD FRCP FHEA

BMI The Lincoln Hospital

View profile Book online

Dr Edward Langford

Consultant Cardiologist

MA MD MRCP

BMI Chelsfield Park Hospital 1 more BMI The Sloane Hospital

View profile Book online

Dr Dawn Louise Adamson

Consultant Cardiologist

Bsc(Hons), MB BS, MRCP, PhD

BMI The Meriden Hospital

View profile Book online

View all

Ways to pay

credit card

Pay for yourself

Pay for yourself with our fixed price packages. This includes your pre-assessment, treatment, follow-ups and 6 months' aftercare

Find out more

insurance

Pay with health insurance

We are widely recognised by health insurers. Ask your insurer about your cover and for an insurer pre-authorisation code

Find out more

direct debit

Spread the cost

Pay for yourself with the BMI card and spread the cost over 12 months, interest-free (terms and conditions apply)

Find out more

General Enquiries