Physiotherapy can be used for rehabilitation either after surgery or to recover from an injury or strain. It can help with a wide range of injuries and conditions including; back and neck pain, repetitive strain injuries, joint pain and arthritis, muscle injuries, post-surgery rehabilitation, and sports injuries.

Physiotherapists will typically use a combination of manual therapy and exercise to treat injuries. Other treatments and services are available such as acupuncture, hydrotherapy, therapeutic ultrasound and Pilates. Many of our hospitals also have gyms and gym equipment in our physiotherapy departments which can facilitate rehabilitation.

Manual therapy

Manual therapy includes massage, stretching and manipulative techniques to improve the range of joint movement and reduce pain. It can also lessen swelling, mobilise muscles, joints and nerves, and promote blood circulation to improve healing. Physiotherapists will feel injured or swollen tissues during movement analysis to examine how your muscles, tendons and joints are moving and working together, and to see whether a muscle is in spasm.


Exercise forms an important part of physiotherapy. The aim is to increase mobility, muscle strength, and general fitness, as well as building core stability and reduce symptoms.

Regular, moderate exercise can help many of the conditions that physiotherapists can treat. It’s likely your physio will give you a tailored programme of exercises to strengthen particular groups of muscles, or they may recommend particular classes, such as Pilates.

Gym equipment

The purpose-built physio-gyms at our hospitals allow our physiotherapists to work with you to provide expert advice and develop an exercise programme that meets your specific needs.

The services include personal training and customised rehabilitation. Our staff can also provide Pilates instruction and core training.


Traction essentially means steady pulling. It can be helpful in relieving pain in the neck or lower back. Traction is also used in medicine to straighten and align broken bones that are too difficult to align with a plaster cast. It’s often necessary when treating fractures of the shaft of the thighbone and fractures of the spine.


Electrotherapy is the use of electrical energy to manage pain, rehabilitate muscles and increase the range of motion. TENS is a form of electrotherapy that uses surface electrodes to stimulate nerve fibres, primarily for pain relief. Another form of electrotherapy is called biofeedback (available only at certain hospitals). This is used to re-educate or improve muscle function and is commonly used in pelvic floor rehabilitation.

Electrotherapy can work in a variety of different ways by increasing local blood flow, stimulating or enhancing the normal healing process, stimulating nerves for pain relief and assisting with wound healing and swelling.


Ultrasound utilises high frequency sound waves to deliver energy to cells. Using ultrasound during tissue repair can stimulate or enhance the normal healing process. It’s most beneficial for ligaments, tendon, fascia, joint capsule and scar tissue. It can also be used as a diagnostic tool to look at soft tissue structures and blood vessels.

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