Skip to main content

Retinal Laser

Find out about the benefits and risks of retinal laser surgery

A laser is a highly focused beam of light. Each form of laser will be made up of a specific wavelength. The intense light energy produced by a retinal laser has a wavelength which is absorbed by the tissue at the back of the eye.

When absorbed by the cells, the light energy is converted to heat and this heating effect can produce several effects within tissues which can be used therapeutically.

Specific conditions which retinal laser surgery may be used to treat include:

  • Age related macular degeneration
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Retinal vein occlusion
  • Retinal tears
  • Certain other inherited conditions which affect the retina

Retinal laser surgery is performed by our expert consultant ophthalmologists who all have extensive experience with this non-invasive treatment option. The exact procedure may vary slightly depending on the retinal condition being treated.

Initially, eye drops will be carefully placed in the outer eye to dilate the pupils and to numb the outer eye. Once this has been done an anaesthetic may be administered to the outer eye. A lens is then placed over the eye which helps to enable your clinician to be able to direct the laser more accurately to the exact area of the retina needed.

The laser is then used to carefully perform the intended benefit depending on the need. These may include:

  • Creating small areas of damage can stimulate a healing effect in areas of the retina
  • Abnormal or blocked blood vessels can be burnt away
  • Leaking blood vessels can be closed
  • Retinal tears can be repaired by sealing the retina to the wall of the eye

Most retinal laser treatments last between 5-10 minutes

Retinal laser surgery is a very safe procedure but does carry some possible side effects. During the procedure itself, patients may experience a burning or pin prick sensation. The treatment can be halted briefly if this becomes too intense.

Other possible side effects include:

  • Blind spots in peripheral vision
  • Loss of central vision
  • Retinal bleeding and excessive scar tissue
  • Failure of the procedure necessitating further invasive intervention

To minimise the possibility of these risks and if applicable to allow retinal tears or detachments to heal safely you will be instructed to rest from any strenuous activity for a few weeks after the procedure.

Ways to pay

credit card

Pay for yourself

Pay for yourself with our fixed price packages. This includes your pre-assessment, treatment, follow-ups and 6 months' aftercare

Find out more


Pay with health insurance

We are widely recognised by health insurers. Ask your insurer about your cover and for an insurer pre-authorisation code

Find out more

direct debit

Spread the cost

Pay for yourself with the BMI card and spread the cost over 12 months, interest-free (terms and conditions apply)

Find out more

Specialists Offering Retinal laser

Miss Tree Richardson

Consultant Ophthalmologist

Mbbs (hons), Bsc, FRCS (ophth)

BMI Shirley Oaks Hospital

View profile Book online

Mr Theocharis Papanikolaou

Consultant Ophthalmologist


BMI The Cavell Hospital 1 more BMI The Kings Oak Hospital

View profile Book online

Mr Shahriar Nabili

Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

MB ChB (Glasgow), MCROphth (London), FRCS (Edinburgh)

BMI Ross Hall Hospital

View profile Book online

Mr Usama Faridi

Consultant Ophthalmologist

MBBS, FRCS-Ophthalmology, Glaucoma Fellowship

BMI The Winterbourne Hospital

View profile Book online

Mr Gerard McGowan

Consultant Ophthalmologist, Vitreoretinal Specialist


BMI Ross Hall Hospital

View profile Book online

View all

General Enquiries