An overview of common gynaecological conditions
Click below to learn more about each gynaecological condition.
It is most common in women who are aged in their 40s and 50s and in those who have had children. But the condition can occur in any woman who still has a menstrual cycle.
Adenomyosis is not spread between people and it is not cancerous. The exact cause of adenomyosis is still not known, so there is no method that will prevent it from occurring.
The condition can affect many areas of a woman’s life, such as emotional wellbeing, relationships and daily routines.
Endometriosis and adenomyosis also have similar symptoms, so it is important that you get an accurate diagnosis. This can take time to eliminate other conditions.
It may also be likely that your genes, hormones and immune system play a part in the development of adenomyosis.
It is also possible that some women with adenomyosis do not experience any symptoms. In this case, adenomyosis may be found during a routine gynaecological examination, such as during an ultrasound scan.
The first stage in an adenomyosis diagnosis is usually by your doctor, who will carry out a pelvic examination to look for any obvious signs. They will be looking to see whether your womb (uterus) has become larger or is more painful to the touch.
The doctor may then refer you to a hospital for an adenomyosis ultrasound test.
An ultrasound scan uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the inside of your body. The scanner transmits images to a small monitor so the doctor can see if there are any signs of fibroids.
There are two types of ultrasound scan used in diagnosing a condition, these are:
To diagnose adenomyosis, a transvaginal ultrasound will be used. This can show the thickening of the muscle lining, which indicates that you may have the condition.
If an ultrasound scan is inconclusive then you may be referred for a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. An MRI scan uses a combination of magnets and radio waves to produce an image of the inside of your body.
An MRI scan can show the enlargement of the womb and thickening of certain areas, which can indicate adenomyosis.
It is important to have an accurate diagnosis of adenomyosis because this will determine the course of treatment.
The most common treatments for adenomyosis are:
The condition seems to have little impact on a woman’s ability to become pregnant. However, there is some evidence that suggests it may increase the risk of miscarriage or having a premature baby. Adenomyosis symptoms will stop when you go through the menopause.
They will be able to diagnose the cause of your pain and talk with you about the best treatment options for your specific situation.
An appointment with an experienced Consultant at your nearest BMI hospital can be helpful. They will assess and diagnose the cause of your symptoms and then discuss any suitable treatment options for your specific situation. To schedule your visit, book an appointment with a specialist online today.
We partnered with pioneering research charity Wellbeing of Women to produce our Women's Health Matters 2021 report. Wellbeing of Women help improve pregnancy care, IVF outcomes and the risk of childbirth complications for women through their ground-breaking research.
Women's Health Matters 2021 provides a comprehensive analysis of ten of the most common gynaecological conditions misdiagnosed or misunderstood for years at a time. Infertility, debilitating chronic pain, the onset of associated conditions and severe depression are common effects of living with a gynaecological condition without access to the right care. Yet despite this, education and awareness around women’s health is lacking.
Millions of women in the UK continue to suffer in silence while waiting for a diagnosis, unsure of how best to manage their pain or seek help.
The aim of this Women's Health Matters is to tackle taboos in women's health by sharing the hard-hitting stories of other women living with these conditions, as well as: