The foot is a highly complex part of the body made up of
joints, muscles, ligaments and tendons - and all of these moving parts need to
work together. This is why injuries are so common.
From bunions and hammertoes to forefoot and heel pain (plantar
fasciitis), in growing toenails and arthritis – these are some of the wide
range of conditions at BMI The Priory Hospital. Here’s a more detailed look at some
more common foot problems.
Bunions are bony lumps on the side of the foot, at
the base of the big toe. They can become very painful and make wearing certain
types of shoes difficult. Different procedures can be used to help improve the
condition including surgery.
Arthritic damage to the joints in the arch of the
foot often happens slowly over time until it becomes quite advanced. Symptoms
include joints that ache after activity or swelling around the joints. Lumps
may also form at the edge of joints causing pressure on the surrounding
tissues. When intervention becomes necessary this generally involves removing
the lumps or surgically fusing the damaged joints.
Hammertoe is a deformity in toes caused by tendon or
joint imbalance, and it can be not only a painful condition but unsightly. A
podiatric surgeon can correct this condition as a day case procedure.
Plantar fasciitis (heel pain) is often due to stress
injury or overstretching of the nerve endings. It can be caused by poorly
fitting shoes, diabetes, running or jogging or standing for too long. Flat feet
or high arches can also contribute, while ageing is another factor. Simple
supports can often provide effective treatment and reduce pain. In more
severe instances injections can be administered under local anaesthetic – or as
a last resort keyhole surgery may be required.
Ingrown toenails can arise due to mechanical damage,
wearing the wrong shoes, medication, infection, poor hygiene or injury. Simple
trimming or filing may help – otherwise the ingrown side can be removed, and
the side of the root destroyed under local anaesthetic. Incisional nail surgery
can remove the root tissues completely.
Ganglions, bone spurs, heel bumps and neuromas are other
conditions we see at BMI The Priory Hospital – all of which can be assessed for