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COPD is a chronic lung condition that affects your lung tissue and airways. We look at its symptoms and how it can be diagnosed.
The changes with COPD include damage to the lung tissue (alveoli) which results in larger, air filled sacs forming known as bullae. Persistent inflammation to the lung tissue and the airways produce excess secretions in these areas and the muscles around the airways may spasm and reduce airflow.
Our respiratory experts at are able to provide the long term monitoring and treatment that individuals with this progressive condition need.
Another common symptom of COPD is repeated lung infections due to the persistent overproduction of secretions within the airways and lungs.
Chronic infections, increased work of breathing and persistently poor oxygen levels also leads to high fatigue levels and sometimes weight loss in sufferers of COPD.
Additional clinical tests which may confirm the diagnosis of COPD include xrays which may demonstrate the characteristic signs of scarring to the lungs and the development of bullae. Lung function tests may also demonstrate characteristic signs of COPD. Blood tests may confirm the diagnosis with abnormal oxygen and carbon dioxide levels.
Lung infections are treated with oral antibiotics targeted, of needed to the strain of bacteria causing the infection. When infections become more serious, antibiotics may be prescribed through a drip (intravenously).
Oxygen therapy may be prescribed in more severe cases of COPD when sufferers are in significant respiratory distress on room air. However, due to complex changes on sufferers’ ability to regulate their breathing cycle oxygen therapy needs to be carefully monitored by expert respiratory clinicians.