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Operations cause pain. If you have good pain control after the operation, you should get up and about more quickly and may go home sooner.
There are a few ways of getting pain relief during an operation, which is why it’s important to learn about each one.
Operations cause pain. If you have good pain control after the operation, you are less likely to have a heart attack (where part of the heart muscle dies), a chest infection and blood clots. You should also get up and about more quickly and may go home sooner.
You can use these on their own or combined with other painkillers. After the operation take simple painkillers such as paracetamol, anti-inflammatory painkillers such as ibuprofen, and codeine or similar painkillers such as tramadol. Although these painkillers may not completely treat your pain, if you take them regularly they reduce the amount of other painkillers you might need.
For more severe pain you may be given morphine or similar painkillers such as pethidine, diamorphine or oxycodone.
The most common intravenous delivery is a technique known as patient-controlled analgesia or PCA. This involves connecting a pump, containing the painkillers, to a drip (small tube) in a vein. The pump has a button that you will be given to hold and when you press the button a small dose of painkillers will be given.
The painkillers can be given by mouth once you are eating and drinking normally. The painkillers can be given by injection either under your skin (subcutaneous) or into the muscle (intramuscular).
You may be given a local anaesthetic infusion to help control the pain in the area around your wound and to reduce the amount of other painkillers you need. A balloon device delivers the anaesthetic through a catheter (tube) to your wound or to the nerves that supply the area of your wound.
An epidural involves inserting a fine catheter (tube) into the epidural space (an area near your spinal cord). Local anaesthetics and other painkillers are injected down the catheter into the epidural space to numb your nerves. Sometimes the anaesthetic is injected continuously (an infusion). The dose can be varied by the healthcare team.
You may be offered a peripheral nerve block to give pain relief after an operation on your arm or leg. A nerve block works by temporarily numbing your nerves to give pain relief. This involves injecting local anaesthetics and other painkillers near the major nerves to your arm or leg.
Pain after an operation is common but there is no need for you to be in a lot of pain. Pain relief after surgery is usually safe and effective but complications can happen. To find out more, call us on 0808 101 0337 or make an online enquiry
Author: Mr Andrew Sidebottom FDSRCS FRCS
Illustrator: Medical Illustration Copyright © Nucleus Medical Art. All rights reserved. www.nucleusinc.com
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