What is Shoulder Arthroplasty and how does it work?
The partial shoulder arthroplasty aims to restore the articular surface geometry of the humeral head whilst preserving the functional anatomy of the shoulder joint.
It is indicated for the reconstruction of painful shoulders resulting from post-traumatic degenerative disease or avascular necrosis.
Also indicated in younger patients with early degenerative problems and more localised changes.
What will happen during my shoulder Arthroplasty?
When you meet with your consultant surgeon they'll ensure that you have the opportunity to ask any questions you may have about your shoulder arthroplasty, they'll discuss with you what'll happen before, during and after the procedure and any pain you might have. Take this time with your consultant surgeon to ensure your mind is put at rest.
What are the benefits and how safe is the procedure?
As in other joints, arthroplasty offers the postoperative advantages of less pain, earlier mobility, quicker rehabilitation and also an improved cosmetic result.
The arthroscopic (keyhole) procedure for the bone preparation and the insertion of the prosthesis allows a minimally invasive approach that ensures that the functional structures are not disturbed.
Any other associated pathology can be treated during the same arthroscopic procedure.
The tendons and muscles are not violated and the shoulder joint is not dislocated resulting in less disruption of the soft tissues.
The majority of the cases can be done as day-cases and postoperative rehabilitation does not include any limitations and physical therapy can start from the first post-operative day.
Author: Mr Socrates Kalogrianitis, Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, MBChB, FRCS based BMI The Priory Hospital.